This study aimed to evaluate the relative bioavailability value (RBV) of different manganese mono oxide (MnO) sources and manganese sulfate (MnSO4) in broiler diets as well as their effect on tibial characteristics, and serum inorganic phosphorous (P), calcium (Ca) and Mn concentrations. The experiment was carried out based on a completely randomized design (CRD) with 660 broiler chicks (Ross 308) assigned to 12 dietary treatments with 6 replicates of 10 birds each.
The experimental diets consisted of one basal diet (as control), and 10 treatment groups which were supplemented with 400 or 800 mg/kg of feed of 1-5 MnO sources with 35%, 25%, 45-55%, 30%, and 40% purities, respectively; MnSO4 was also used (800 mg/kg of feed) in a treatment group as a reference standard with 100% bioavailability. The mean RBV of MnO sources (27.27 to 181.82%) showed a significant difference (P<0.05). The results also showed sera Ca and Mn concentrations, and retention of Mn in diet and tibia bone were significantly affected by different Mn sources used (P<0.05).
Although no differences were observed for sera P, Ca, and Mn concentrations, regardless of the level of supplementation (P<0.05). The results of this study demonstrated that the purity of Mn supplement sources has a relationship with RBV of Mn, Mn absorption, and its retention in broiler bone and ileum.
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science (2022) 12(1), 143-150
Yaghobfar (1) H.R. Ghalamkari (۲) N. Sanei (2) M. Ebrahimnejad (2)
۱) Department of Animal Nutrition, Animal Science Research Institute of Iran (ASRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran
۲) Sepahan Daneh Parsian Co., Isfahan, Iran